After the hot humid months, winter brings much needed respite. Of course, winter brings its own challenges like seasonal colds or trying to keep warm. With winter being upon us, being prepared to handle everyday emergencies can help you assist your child.
Nose bleeds are common in children in both winter and summer; they are often caused by heat or dry noses during winter.
- Have the child sit or lean his/her head forward.
- Place a piece of gauze around the soft part of the nose and apply firm pressure to stop any bleeding.
- DO NOT have the child put their head back as this could cause the child to vomit or choke.
- DO NOT place ice directly on the child’s face.
Remember children breathe predominantly through their noses, so encourage your child to breath his their mouth.
FEVER DUE TO FLU OR COLDS:
Fevers in children are the body’s natural way of fighting infections. Flu and colds are common at this time of year hence proper prevention to avoid colds and flu should be taken. Maintain a mineral and vitamin rich diet to help the body fight any bacteria or viruses.
To break a fever of above 39 degrees Celsius, cool the child using cold cloths behind the neck, under the arms and on the groin. Fevers of above 40 should be seen by a health care provider as they may lead to seizures. If the child has a seizure cool him immediately and either call for an ambulance or get him to hospital as soon as possible. Netcare 911 082 911, ER24 084 124 or for all emergencies call 112 from your cell phone.
Keep you and your baby/child safe from winter bugs by following some basic preventative measures, namely:
- Frequently washing hands is the simplest and most effective way of getting rid of cold and flu germs.
- Wash your baby’s/child’s hands as often as you can, especially if he/she keeps putting them in his mouth.
- As most winter diseases are spread through coughs, sneezes and direct contact, keep your baby/child away from sick people and avoid going to crowded places.
You might like to get your winter bed spreads, blankets or quilts washed before you need to use them to keep warm in the winter.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Check to see that all heating appliances like geysers, heaters, blowers and heating rods are in good working condition. These appliances usually need power points so it would be a good idea to call an electrician to check them and ensure that they can carry the load. This way you can avoid short circuits which could lead to fire hazards.
Article courtesy of FIRST AID COUNTS